Epistemological bias in the social sciences / edited by Abdelwahab M. Elmessiri. [print]Material type: TextPublisher: Herndon, Virginia : International Institute of Islamic Thought, (c)2006; ©2006Description: xix, 308 pages ; 24 cmContent type: text Media type: unmediated Carrier type: volumeISBN: 9781565644168; 1565644166; 1565644174; 9781565644175Subject(s): Islamic countries | Western countries | Islamic sociology | IslamLOC classification: BP173.25.E657 2006BP173.25.E48.E657 2006COPYRIGHT NOT covered - Click this link to request copyright permission:
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Includes bibliographical references.
The gate of Ijtihad : an introduction to the study of epistemological bias Abdelwahab Elmessiri Bias in western schools of thought : our heritage as the starting point for development Adel Hussein Theories of political development : a case of biased discourse in the political sciences Nasr M. Arif Modernizing vs. westernizing the social sciences : the case of psychology Rafik Habib Bias in curricula and course contents Hoda Hegazy An exploration of the natur of human artificial intelligence and the Qur'anic perspective Mahmoud Dhaouadi Confronting bias in the third world culture Ferial J. Ghazoul Beyond methodology : forms of bias in western literary criticism Saad Abdulrahman al-Bazi'i Theories and principles of design in the architecture of Islamic societies : a ceremonial approach to community building A. I. Abdelhalim Reflections on technology and development : a cultural perspective Hamed Ibrahim el-Mously Philosophical beliefs underlying the formulation of physical laws Mahjoob Taha.
The question of bias in methodology and terminology is a problem that faces researchers east, west, north and south; however, it faces Third World intellectuals with special keenness. For although they write in a cultural environment that has its own specific conceptual and cultural paradigms, they nevertheless encounter a foreign paradigm which attempts to impose itself upon their society and upon their very imagination and thoughts. When the term "developmental psychology" for instance is used in the West Arab scholars also say "developmental psychology", when "applied psychology" is mentioned they hurry to use the same term etc. Why not establish a new science with its own mechanisms, methodologies and points of reference to deal with epistemological biases and open up the gate of ijtihad with respect to them? This collection of papers aims to discover some of the biases latent in our terminology, methodologies, research tools, and conceptual principles, and to propose alternative ones marked by a greater degree of independence and neutrality. This is not to belittle the human value of the West's creative contributions but to emphasize the danger of making it the ultimate point of reference and then trying to continuously play "catch up" with it.