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Domestic Enemies Servants and Their Masters in Old Regime France / Cissie Fairchilds. [print]

By: Fairchilds, Cissie C [author]Contributor(s): Project Muse | Project Muse []Material type: TextTextDescription: 1 online resource (1 online resource xvi, 325 pages) : illustrations)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781421432045Subject(s): Sozialgeschichte 1600-1800 | Werkgevers | Dienstpersoneel | Master and servant | Employes de maison -- France -- Histoire -- 18e siecle | Employeur et employe (Droit) -- France -- Histoire -- 18e siecle | Master and servant -- France -- History -- 18th century | Household employees -- France -- History -- 18th century | France | Frankreich | FranceGenre/Form: Electronic books. | History. LOC classification: HD8039.D52HD8039.D52.F165.D664 2019Online resources: Click here to access online COPYRIGHT NOT covered - Click this link to request copyright permission: https://lib.ciu.edu/copyright-request-form
Contents:
1. Introduction: Domestic Service in the Old Regime PennsylvaniaRT I. SERVANTS 2. The Servants' World: Household and Housework 3. Servants Private Lives 4. The Psychology of Servanthood: Servants' Attitudes toward Their Masters PennsylvaniaRT II. MassachusettsSTERS AND SERVANTS 5. The Psychology of Mastership: Masters' Attitudes toward Their Servants 6. Sexual Relationships between Master and Servant 7. Relationships between Servants and Their Masters' Children 8. Epilogue: The Revolution and After Notes Bibliography Index
Summary: This book cuts across the class boundaries of traditionally separate fields of social history. It investigates the social origins of servants, their incomes, their marriage and family patterns, their career patterns, their possibilities for social mobility, their political activities, and their criminality. But it also investigates the history of the family and domestic life in France in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries, for servants were, at least until the rise of the affectionate nuclear family in the middle of the eighteenth century, considered part of the families of those they served. Finally, this book is also an essay on the history of social relationships in the ancient regime, not only those between masters and servants but also the broader relationships between the ruling elite and the lower classes. The introduction gives basic facts about the composition of households during the Old Regime and explores the attitudes and assumptions that underlay the employment of servants. It also shows how both these attitudes and the households themselves changed dramatically in the last decades before the French Revolution. Part 1 is devoted to the servants themselves. One chapter deals with their lives within their employers' households: their work, their living conditions, their socializing and leisure-time activities. A second examines their private lives: their social origins, marriage and family patterns, their moneymaking and their criminality. And a third explores their relationships with and attitudes toward their masters. In part 2, the focus shifts to an examination of master-servant relationships from the masters' point of view. The first chapter deals with master-servant relationships in general by discussing the factors that determined how employers treated their domestics. The second and third chapters explore two special relationships: masters' sexual relationships with their servants and their relationships with the servants who cared for them in childhood. The epilogue traces the impact of the French Revolution on domestic service and sketches some of the changes in the household that were to come in the nineteenth century.
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Holdings
Item type Current library Call number URL Status Date due Barcode
Online Book Online Book G Allen Fleece Library
Online
HD8039.D52F357 2019 (Browse shelf(Opens below)) Link to resource Available
Online Book Online Book G Allen Fleece Library
Online
HD8039.D52F357 2019 (Browse shelf(Opens below)) Link to resource Available
Online Book Online Book G Allen Fleece Library
Online
HD8039.D52F357 2019 (Browse shelf(Opens below)) Link to resource Available

Open access edition supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities/ Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Humanities Open Book Program.

The text of this book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

Originally published as Johns Hopkins Press in 1984

1. Introduction: Domestic Service in the Old Regime PennsylvaniaRT I. SERVANTS 2. The Servants' World: Household and Housework 3. Servants Private Lives 4. The Psychology of Servanthood: Servants' Attitudes toward Their Masters PennsylvaniaRT II. MassachusettsSTERS AND SERVANTS 5. The Psychology of Mastership: Masters' Attitudes toward Their Servants 6. Sexual Relationships between Master and Servant 7. Relationships between Servants and Their Masters' Children 8. Epilogue: The Revolution and After Notes Bibliography Index

This book cuts across the class boundaries of traditionally separate fields of social history. It investigates the social origins of servants, their incomes, their marriage and family patterns, their career patterns, their possibilities for social mobility, their political activities, and their criminality. But it also investigates the history of the family and domestic life in France in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries, for servants were, at least until the rise of the affectionate nuclear family in the middle of the eighteenth century, considered part of the families of those they served. Finally, this book is also an essay on the history of social relationships in the ancient regime, not only those between masters and servants but also the broader relationships between the ruling elite and the lower classes. The introduction gives basic facts about the composition of households during the Old Regime and explores the attitudes and assumptions that underlay the employment of servants. It also shows how both these attitudes and the households themselves changed dramatically in the last decades before the French Revolution. Part 1 is devoted to the servants themselves. One chapter deals with their lives within their employers' households: their work, their living conditions, their socializing and leisure-time activities. A second examines their private lives: their social origins, marriage and family patterns, their moneymaking and their criminality. And a third explores their relationships with and attitudes toward their masters. In part 2, the focus shifts to an examination of master-servant relationships from the masters' point of view. The first chapter deals with master-servant relationships in general by discussing the factors that determined how employers treated their domestics. The second and third chapters explore two special relationships: masters' sexual relationships with their servants and their relationships with the servants who cared for them in childhood. The epilogue traces the impact of the French Revolution on domestic service and sketches some of the changes in the household that were to come in the nineteenth century.

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